The extraction of sucrose in a sugarcane diffuser depends on the percolation rate of juice through the cane bed. High percolation rates promote mass transfer and increase the wetness of the cane bed (i.e. liquid hold-up within the bed) thereby improving sucrose extraction. However, increasing the rate of juice applied to the surface of the cane bed above the maximum percolation rate results in flooding, causing uncontrolled mixing of juice, destruction of the dry substance content profile and reduced extraction. Flooding in the diffuser can be avoided by installing feedback control of adjustable sprays that alter the application . . .
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